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Agile Software Development – Definition & Overview

Agile Software Development – Definition & Overview


Agile Software Development is a methodology valuing flexibility, collaboration, and customer satisfaction. It is an iterative and cumulative approach to software development emphasizing the importance of delivering a working product swiftly and frequently.

Additionally, it involves proper collaboration between the development team and the customer ensuring the product meets their needs and expectations.

Steps for Agile Software Development Process:

The Agile process is characterized by its ability to adapt to changing requirements and a focus on delivering value to customers. Here is a synopsis of the typical steps in Agile software development:

  1. Project Initiation:
  • Identify the project goals, scope, and objectives. Form an Agile team comprising cross-functional members, and select an Agile framework according to the project’s needs.
  1. Sprint Planning:
  • At the beginning of each Sprint, the team selects a set of high-priority items from the product backlog for implementation and they define the Sprint goal and plan how to achieve it.
  1. Development and Testing:
  • Agile teams work in parallel to develop, code, test, and document features. Moreover, continuous integration and conduct automated testing to maintain code quality.
  1. Continuous Deployment:
  • In some Agile environments, continuous deployment practices release changes to customers more frequently.
  1. Completion and Maintenance:
  • The software is upheld to ensure that it continues to meet the customer’s needs and expectations.

Benefits of Agile Software Development:

There are many benefits of agile development methodology, some of which include:

  • Improved flexibility: It is more flexible compared to other project management methodologies.
  • Enhanced communication: It helps to improve communication between the development team and the product owner.
  • Reduced risks: Agile development helps in reducing the risks associated with complex projects.
  • Improved customer satisfaction: Agile development environments often lead to improved customer satisfaction. As a result of customer involvement in the development process.

Disadvantages of Agile Software Development:

There are some known disadvantages of agile development methodology, which include:

  • Partial control: As its methodology is more flexible, it can be challenging for a project owner to employ control over the project.
  • Deficiency in documentation: It often produces fewer documentation than other project management methodologies.
  • Extensive collaboration: The level of collaboration required by agile development can be a problem for remote teams as they are not familiar to working together. This can lead to conflict and frustration.
  • Lengthy projects: Agile development usually requires extra time than other project management methodologies. This is the consequence of frequent meetings and the documentation.


In conclusion, Agile software development is a dynamic and customer-centric methodology that has transformed the software industry. Through valuing individuals and their interactions, working software, customer collaboration, and adaptability to change.

Consequently, agile methodologies prioritize delivering value rapidly and efficiently. Agile promotes iterative development, transparency, and a focus on customer needs, resulting in higher-quality software and increased customer satisfaction.

Furthermore, it facilitates teams to embrace change, adapt to evolving requirements, and maintain a culture of continuous improvement. Agile has become the standard for modern software development.

In addition, it aligns development teams with business objectives, and providing a framework for innovation, customer engagement, and the rapid delivery of valuable software products.

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