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AMQP – Advanced Message Queuing Protocol – Definition

AMQP – Advanced Message Queuing Protocol – Definition


AMQP denotes Advanced Message Queuing Protocol. It is a universally recognized standard that works on the application layer essentially, its uses are for developing incomparable communication operability between client and broker parties.

AMQP stipulates the wire protocol. Subsequently, exchanging of messages is carried between software components supplied by diverse vendors deprived of gateways or adapters.

History of Advanced Message Queuing Protocol:

John O’ Hara being the initial creator in 2003. Ever since its inception and rich history, AMQP has advanced a lot. While John initiated AMQP, he started working along with JPMorgan Chase and the company retained all the rights of AMQP and came into contract with iMatrix Corporation.

Nevertheless, JPMorgan Chase decided to make AMQP eminent and offers its uses for other firms as well. Hence, in mid-2005, the firm made efforts to form a user group for AMQP including top IT colossuses like Cisco, IONA Technologies, Red Hat, and TWIST.

Gradually, the group expands featuring 23 companies.  During October 2011, AMQP 1.0 was launched. Subsequently, on 1st November, OASIS Technical Committee was introduced globally. Where its responsibility was to monitor the advancement of AMQP 1.0.

The first and second drafts, as per the feedback of the working committee, were launched in February 2012 and June 2012 respectively.

Later towards the end of October 2012, AMQP became the authorized OASIS standard. Moreover in 2014, OASIS AMQP standard acquires recognition from international standards like IEC and ISO.

Terminology of AMQP:

While planning to bring AMQP into action, understanding its key terminologies is imperious.

  • Broker plays a vital role in enabling AMQP protocol. It is responsible for connection building that ensure better data routing and queuing at the client-side.
  • The consumer takes care the task of generating queues and message acknowledgement.
  • The producer takes care of redirecting data occupied from exchanges and its placement in queues.

AMQP Components:

Advanced Message Queuing Protocol is formed for efficient, reliable, and secure message exchange between systems. The components of It include:

  • Message: Messages can contain any type of information, such as text, binary data, or structured data.
  • Producer (Publisher): The component in control for creating and sending messages to an AMQP exchange.
  • Exchange: It is responsible for routing messages to the appropriate queues.
  • Queue: It is a buffer that holds messages until they are consumed by consumers.
  • Consumer: Consumers are applications or processes that receive and process messages from queues.
  • Connection: A connection is a network connection established between a client and an AMQP broker.
  • Broker: The AMQP broker is the dominant server in authority for receiving messages from producers, routing them to the correct queues, and delivering them to consumers.
  • Virtual Host: Virtual hosts are a way to segregate different messaging environments within a single AMQP broker.

These above components work together to simplify the reliable and efficient exchange of messages in a distributed and decoupled manner. Subsequently, making It a valuable protocol for building scalable and robust messaging systems.

Common Benefits of AMQP:

Advanced Message Queuing Protocol offers several benefits for building messaging systems and facilitating communication between distributed applications. Some of the common benefits of AMQP include:

  1. Message Queues: It delivers the concept of message queues, which act as buffers for storing messages until they are consumed.
  2. Asynchronous Communication: It facilitates asynchronous communication. It allows producers to send messages to a queue or exchange without waiting for instant responses from consumers.
  3. Scalability: It supports distributed messaging systems, allowing to scale your application horizontally by adding more consumers or brokers.
  4. Interoperability: It is an open and standardized protocol, which means it can be used with a wide range of messaging brokers and client libraries across different programming languages and platforms.
  5. Security: It provides features for securing message transmission. It supports authentication and authorization mechanisms, as well as encryption & access control, to protect sensitive data and control who can send or receive messages.
  6. Message Reliability: It is designed to ensure reliable message delivery.
  7. Message Routing: AMQP’s exchange and binding mechanisms enable flexible message routing based on message attributes, headers, or patterns.


In conclusion, the Advanced Message Queuing Protocol, is a powerful and standardized messaging protocol that offers a wide array of benefits for building efficient, reliable, and scalable messaging systems.

Furthermore, its focus on message reliability, asynchronous communication, and support for various messaging patterns makes it a versatile choice for applications in various domains.

AMQP’s interoperability, security features, and flexibility in routing and message handling provide the foundation for building distributed systems that can handle complex message exchange scenarios.

Furthermore, with its open-standard nature, It reduces vendor lock-in, allowing organizations to choose the messaging middleware that best suits their needs, making it a valuable tool for creating robust and resilient communication infrastructures.

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