Not much of a surprising question, many of us are curious to know why is 5G required to run autonomous vehicles? Was it not possible to build driverless cars with 4G networks? To answer, 4G LTE networks were unable to support the low latency, performance and speed required for making real-time decisions and become ubiquitous in every community. However, the pairing of 5G and connected cars could dramatically enhance safety and beneficial for passengers and communities with promising future advancements in the upcoming years.
Autonomous vehicles have been one of the biggest revolutionary trends for the automobile sector so far with self-driving features beyond compare. 5G wireless networks play as the host for the development of connected cars with its faster computing and networking capabilities, low latency, high bandwidth and speed and turns the table for traditional vehicle into a computer on wheels. This not only changes the way we view mobility where only humans are drivers who tend to make errors but also have enhanced capabilities to make quick decisions in case of risks and increase safety of humans who are now seated as mere passengers inside the cars.
Reliable network powered with edge computing – Connected cars have multiple sensors embedded into it, and functions across different domains and requires a reliable network to perform. Connected with 5G, car and its surrounding systems can have high-speed due to data processing at edges making it faster than ever. These cars can be highly sophisticated with further expansion of advanced driver assistance system (ADAS), more high-resolution sensors and HMI (Human-Machine Interfaces).
Deployment of varieties of sensors – Sensors are implemented on self-driving cars namely radar, camera, ultrasonics and lidar.
5G autonomous vehicle is the future of transportation where the long-term roadmap is not just about low-latency and fast connectivity to permit safe driving. One of the critical features this intelligent car is to give an amazing travel experience to passengers and provide a helping hand in the growth of smart cities. 5G-enabled vehicles plied on roads will make the city more livable where V2X communication will optimize traffic flow, minimize road congestion and improve the environment to a greener side with less motorized transportation. Hence, 5G is indispensable and satisfies the question do autonomous vehicles need 5G? Further, it is crucial to pave the way for automotive industry scaling to reach new heights as automakers continue to make amendments in the current and future versions of autonomous vehicles.
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